Cornwall Guide – The Compass You Need To Navigate And Experience the Beautiful Side Of Life!
Cornwall, well known for its beautiful beaches, rugged coastline and wild moorland landscapes, is one of the world’s iconic tourist destinations. The county is perfect for walkers, sailors, surfers, divers, sunbathers, gastronomes and amateur historians, geographers, geologists and oceanographers and, indeed, anyone seeking a break from a hectic world.
The county lies at the far south west of the United Kingdom. To the north of Cornwall lies the Atlantic Ocean, to the south the English Channel and to the east the county of Devon. The River Tamar marks much of Cornwall’s border with Devon.
Cornwall’s position means that it has a relatively warm and sunny climate. Close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean results in Cornwall having mild, moist westerly winds and relatively high rainfall, though less than more northern areas of the west coast of Great Britain. Cornwall’s winters are mild, and frost and snow are uncommon. Most of Cornwall enjoys more than 1,500 hours of sunshine each year.
Cornwall has always declared that it was not a shire county of England. Most old maps until the reformation illustrated that Cornwall was one of the four nations of Britain that is, Scotland, Ireland, Wales and Cornwall. Even as late as 1856 Cornwall still asserted its rights and claimed it had never been part of England. By definition Cornwall is a Duchy and is ruled by a Duke. The Duchy is in fact a property company of Prince Charles, the Duke of Cornwall.
Cornwall has its own Crest, Flag, Cornish Tartan and language, which was the most widely spoken language in Cornwall, until Edward VI introduced the Book of Common Prayer in 1547. There are still a few who speak the Cornish Language even to this day. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries many people left Cornwall to work in more affluent areas of the World.
However, recently this has reversed and many from other areas in the UK, seek a better life by moving to Cornwall. This is happening despite average earnings of twenty-five percent lower than the UK average, higher house prices, above average cost of living and unemployment higher than most areas.
Bodmin is supposedly the county town of Cornwall, dating back to when the assizes met here. Yet its only city is Truro, which is now the home of the county courts. Truro’s most striking feature is the Cathedral, which was opened in 1880 and had half a million visitors in the first year. It is gothic in appearance and has a green spire. Its two hundred and fifty foot towers dominate the Truro skyline and it is one of the best examples of medieval architecture in the County.
Truro is a market town and its history as a port, dates back more than eight hundred years. The port of Truro boomed throughout the tin mining era, but is now mostly utilized for pleasure cruises to St Mawes and Falmouth. It is the main shopping center of Cornwall and also home to The Royal Cornwall Museum and the Hall for Cornwall.
Cornwall also houses a Campus for the University of Exeter. This is situated in seventy acres and is close to Falmouth and Penryn. It offers both postgraduate and undergraduate study and research.
The only zoo in Cornwall is to be found at Newquay. It is set in more than ten acres and was first opened in 1969. It in now one of the top wildlife parks in the UK, boasting ground breaking captive breeding and conservation programs and winning no less that ten awards since 1996.
Newquay dates from the Iron Age. It has been a fishing port and the quay was used for exporting mined ore and importing coal during the days of the copper and tin and mining industries. For years, the main industry was pilchard fishing. There is an aquarium on the promenade
Today Newquay is Cornwall’s premier resort and is known for its nightlife. Its only theatre at Lane has recently been refurbished and enlarged with National lottery funding. Newquay is also famous for its many beaches, especially the one at Fistral, where the surfing championships are held, drawing competitors from around the world. Newquay is also the home of Cornwall’s only airport.
Scenary And Attractions In Cornwall
Cornwall’s scenery is dramatic. The coastline is composed mainly of resistant rocks, but the two coasts have very different characteristics. The winds that blow in from the Atlantic Ocean give Cornwall’s north coast its wild nature because it is more exposed. The prosaically named High Cliff, between Boscastle and St. Gennys, is the highest sheer-drop cliff in Cornwall at 735 feet (224 metres). However, there are also many fine beaches, which are so important to Cornwall’s tourist industry, including those at Bude, St. Agnes, St. Ives, Perranporth, Porthtowan, Polzeath, Fistral Beach, Lusty Glaze Beach and Watergate Bay, Newquay. There are two river estuaries on the north Cornish coast: Hayle Estuary and the estuary of the River Camel, which provides Padstow and Rock with a safe harbour.
The south coast, dubbed the “Cornish Riviera”, is more sheltered and there are several broad estuaries offering safe anchorages, such as at Falmouth and Fowey. Beaches on the south Cornish coast usually consist of coarser sand and shingle, interspersed with rocky sections of wave-cut platform. The world renowned St. Michael’s Mount is located towards the western end of the south coast, near to Marazion and Penzance.
Cornwall’s interior consists of a roughly east-west spine of infertile and exposed upland, with a series of granite intrusions, such as Bodmin Moor in the east and Land’s End in the west.
Between Cornwall’s uplands and the coast is more fertile, mainly pastoral farmland. Near the south coast, deep wooded valleys provide sheltered conditions for flora that like shade and a moist, mild climate.
When it comes to attractions, the first place of interest is one of Cornwall’s most popular tourist attractions. It is the internationally renowned Eden Project in St Austell. Eden is a huge global garden housed in tropical biomes, the size of 30 football pitches. With the sights and smells of the rainforest, tropical plants and simulated environments of tropical destinations all over the world, The Eden Project is a very fun and educational way for children and adults alike to learn about the environment, you certainly need a day here to fully appreciate it.
The second great place to visit in Cornwall is the Carnglaze Slate Caverns in Liskeard. These caverns are centuries old and were created by local slate miners. The caverns house a huge subterranean lake whos clear blue-green waters are a sight to behold. The site also offers woodland walks and gardens, an underground theatre and an impressive collection of minerals. You would need at least half a day to explore everything this mystical attraction has to offer.
Number three is Newquay’s Blue Reef Aquarium which overlooks the Atlantic Ocean and lets you explore themed displays of the huge variety of creatures that inhabit the ocean. Here you can also listen to informative talks, watch feeding demonstrations, learn about conservation or walk through a tunnel in the centre of a tropical tank, coming face to face with sharks and fish. The aquarium has received many tourism awards and it is advised that you spend a day here to make sure you get the most of all it has to offer.
The fourth of our great places to visit in Cornwall is the National Maritime Museum in Falmouth. This museum celebrates everything to do with the sea and allows you to explore boats and submarines, teaches about the history of diving and allows you to view the waves from below the water’s surface. There is a live boat restoration zone and a 29 metre tower offering breathtaking views over the water. Children will love all the hands on interactive activities so be sure to allow a whole day so as not to rush curious kids!
The fifth would be Crealy Adventure Park. For maximum fun guaranteed for all the family and all ages – split into 6 fabulous realms: Animal, Wild Water, Enchanted, Heritage, Adventure and Natural – there’s something for everyone to enjoy!
Flambards Adventure Park: As the West countries leading attraction Flambards offers a great, fun filled day out. Fabulous rides for all ages, spectacular firework displays, fantastic shows and award winning exhibitions and gardens, there’s plenty to entertain the whole family!
Sixth is the Dairy Land Farm World. An all weather attraction aimed at the whole family – adventure play plus farm animals, petting and feeding makes this a hugely popular destination for the kids.
Seventh we highly recommend the Newquay Zoo. The award winning Newquay Zoo allows you to get closer to over 130 species – from big cats to creepy crawlies, from activity trails to face painting and learning more about conservation – there’s plenty to keep you amused and entertained, whatever your age or ability!
Eight is Springfields Fun Park and Pony Centre. For an action packed, fun filled day out for the little ones with acres of space to play plus under cover and indoor play areas and activities with lots and lots of ponies to groom and ride. Train rides, go-karts, giant outdoor astro-wave slide and lots of hands on animal action!
On the ninth place of our Cornwall Guide, we will place Blue Reef Aquarium. A magnificent way to discover an array of local marine species from the beautiful Cornish coast in addition to the hundreds of tropical species on show in the enormous ocean display. Complete with underwater tunnel the Blue Reef Aquarium is the perfect way to appreciate the natural underwater world.
Tenth is the Eden Project. An educational charity helping people, places and the environment by running transformational projects all over the world, the Eden Project is an excellent and inspiring day out for all ages. There’s plenty to entertain children, special events, festivals and of course stunning gardens to explore.
The eleventh attraction to explore in this Cornwall guide is the Lost Gardens of Heligan. Voted the Nation’s Favourite Garden by BBC Gardeners’ World viewers, the Lost Gardens of Heligan are fondly known as ‘A Cornish Jewel’. The award winning garden restoration is internationally acclaimed offering over 200 acres to explore and discover – from Victorian Productive Gardens to Romantic Pleasure Grounds and lush sub-tropical Jungles, for lovers of wildlife this is a splendid and inspiring adventure to embark upon.
Last but not least is Pendennis Castle in Falmouth. This grand fortress is 450 years old and provides hours of interest for all the family. Explore the castle’s history at the Discovery Centre with interactive activities for visitors of all ages. Take a guided tour through an underground air raid shelter, visit a Tudor gun deck and enter real life restored Victorian defences complete with sounds and smells.
Get Your Cornwall Guide & Stroll Through Villages & Towns
Here are 24 different places in Cornwall that you should consider visiting now.
1. St. Ives. This town is in the far west of Cornwall. It has amazing beaches and cobbled streets.
2.Looe. Here you can watch fisherman, bask in the sun, and just enjoy relaxing.
3.Polperro. This village is full of amazing white washes cottages in a valley that tumbles into the harbour.
4.Padstow. This area is best now for the May Day Obby Oss.
5. Falmouth. This region guards the entrance to the Carrick Roads.
6.Tintagel. Here you will find legends of King Arthur and his Castle ruins.
7.Mousehole. Also in the far West. The area has a beautiful harbour.
8.Launceston. A Norman castle guards this region. It sits on top of a hill and has narrow streets around the town.
9.Wadebridge. The village sits on the River Camel.
10.Rock. A great place for sailors.
11.Perranporth. This town has 3 miles of sand.
12. Port Isaac. This town is in North Cornwall. Great for walking and site seeing.
13. Hayle. Home to a bay, lots of sand, and a lighthouse.
14.Newquay. The place to go if you want to surf.
15.Fowey. The streets rise from the water’s edge. It is very popular among sailors.
16.Mevagissey. This place has a great harbour and narrow streets.
17.Bude. A popular destination for families.
18.Newlyn. You will find the largest fishing port in Cornwall here.
19.Boscastle. Sits along the North Cornish Coast.
20.Truro. The country’s capital.
21.Penzance. The place to go if you want to experience West Cornwall and the Scillies.
22.Bodmin. Sits on the edge of the Bodmin Moor.
23. Polruan. A village with old style charm.
24. St. Agnes. If you want to walk, come here.
Whichever of these attractions or places you choose to visit, they all provide hours of fun for explorers young and old and truly make up 5 of the great places to visit in Cornwall. We are hopefully this Cornwall guide has given you enough information to make a decision and know exactly what to expect if you head to Cornwall this year, enjoy your vacation!
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